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 Teach Pupils How to divide words?

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Mohamed07

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Number of posts : 95
Age : 61
Location : Ouled-Djellal
Registration date : 2008-09-25

PostSubject: Teach Pupils How to divide words?   Wed Apr 01, 2009 10:53 am

Dividing a word into syllables is quite important for teachers and language learners. A syllable is a unit of pronunciation consisting of a vowel sound, or a vowel sound grouped with one or more consonant sounds, pronounced by a single impulse of the voice, and forming either a complete word or one of the units of pronunciation that together make a word.

Examples of words containing a single syllable: book; read; Bob.
Examples of words containing multiple syllables: to/day; big/ger; for/est.

Rules governing syllabication are at the reach of teachers and confirmed learners but not for MS pupils.

Rule 1. A one-syllable word is never divided.(say, rest)
Rule 2. Divide a compound word between the words that make up the compound word. (on/to, sun/light). When necessary, divide the smaller words into syllables. (un/der/dog)
Rule 3.When a word has a suffix, divide the word between the base word and the suffix. (youth/ful, sad/ly)
Rule 4.When a word has a prefix, divide the word between the prefix and the base word or root. (re/new) Some prefixes have more than one syllable. (in/ter/weave, o/ver/take)
Rule 5.When two or more consonants come between the two vowels in a word, the word is usually divided between the first two consonants. (in/take, win/ner)
Rule 6.When a single consonant comes between two vowels in a word, the word is usually divided after the consonant if the first vowel is short. (wag/on, shiv/er)
Rule 7.When a single consonant comes between two vowels in a word, the word is usually divided before the consonant if the first vowel is long. (ra/dar, fi/ber)
Rule 8.When a vowel is sounded alone in a word, the vowel is a syllable itself. (gas/o/line, i/dol,)
Rule 9.When two vowels come together in a word and are sounded separately, divide the word between the two vowels. (pli/ers, di/ode)
Rule 10.When a word ends in le preceded by a consonant, divide the word before that consonant. (bot/tle, cra/dle)

Teachers should opt for excellence in this task to:

- Master syllabication.
- Read big words easily (spelling Ė writing - stress Ė intonation).
- Be self-confident.
- Manage to help the pupils acquire this competence.


Power Point: mediafire.com ?mmytytwxnwd

A way to help pupils divide words: an important thing to do is never let your pupils work alone / work with them / Play with them.

The procedure.

1- Assess your pupils' level.
2- Prepare an appropriate practice sheet.
3- Encourage them to challenge you.

Practise is a priority at this level, theory may be useless and more complicating.

A practise sheet: mediafire.com ?ggnzyqzjcmm

Repeat such activities which must be short and with clear objectives. After a while, check your pupils ' reading, speaking and speech delivery. You may be astonished by their competences.

Best of luck.

Habba Med.
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Samia

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Number of posts : 115
Location : BBA
Registration date : 2008-08-14

PostSubject: May Allah reward You His Paradise!   Thu Apr 02, 2009 10:15 am

Salam!



Really, youíve raised a very important topic: Syllabication. Itís worth mastering by teachers before learners.

Whatís bothering is that most teachers donít excel in such a task. I personally find many words difficult to divide correctly, even after reading the rules youíve provided us with.

Teachersí self-development is strongly needed. Thatís why, all should make sure of everything before tackling any activity, by transcribing the words thus, being aware of the stressed syllable and the onset and the coda of each syllable.

After reading the rules, I consulted the Daniel Jones Pronouncing Dictionary for more practice, but Iíve found many problems with the very rules stated in the article.

Eg.

*A single consonant between two vowels goes with the first vowel if the first vowel is accented and short (vc/v) eg. guitar. But hereís the transcription Iíve found in the dictionary

guitar gI"tA:r US -"tA:r

*Two identical consonants are divided when they occur between vowels.

Eg. rabbit

I canít understand here, since we should speak in terms of vowel sounds not vowel letters.

Daniel Jones Dic. transcription:

rabb|it "r{b|.It

*When a word ends in ďleĒ preceded by a consonant, divide the word before that consonant (bot / tle, cra / dle).

Daniel Jones Dic. Transcription:

bottl|e "bQt.l= (different from the rule)

cradl|e "kreI.dl=

I selected some words ending in ďleĒ, finding many differences:

candle "k{n.dl=

cradl|e "kreI.dl=

crumbl|e "krVm.bl=

parable "p{r.@.bl=

Tuttle "tVt.l= (different)

shuttle "SVt.l= (different)

bottl|e "bQt.l= (different)

castl|e (Castle) "kA:.sl =

whistl|e "hwIs.l= (different)

prickl|e "prIk.l= (different)

twinkl|e "twIN.kl=

truffle "trVf.l= (different)

piffl|e "pIf.l= (different)

amp|le "{m.p|l=

ab|le "eI.b|l=

rambl|e "r{m.bl=



In all these cases Ďlí is a syllabic consonant.

I can understand that there are further rules governing each of these cases, i.e. the type of sound preceding the consonant sound which precedes the Ďlí sound: whether itís a consonant-sound or a vowel-sound, and the quality of the vowel-sound if any.

Really, Mr. Mohamed, your work is of great value. I should tender my thanks on behalf of all teachers who are taking profit from what you are doing. Your Hasanat are increasing more and more!

May Allah reward you His Paradise!

Thanks a million for your attention!

Salam!
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